Posts Tagged ‘san diego home buyers’

Understanding Home Loan Types

When it comes home loans, there are many types to choose from. Figuring out which loan is best for your new property purchase can be confusing. So here are some of the most popular home loan types.

Mortgages:

Conforming Loan: When a loan conforms to the guidelines of FNMA/FHLMC (Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac) in both terms that may be purchased by FNMA or FHLMC it is conforming (currently up to $612,950 in San Diego county). Loans that do not match these guidelines are obviously non-conforming loans. If the loan does not conform due to its amount, it is a Jumbo Loan. Conforming loans may have either fixed interest rates or adjustable interest rates.

  • Conventional Mortgage Loan: When the loan amount is within the FNMA/FHLMC guidelines, and the federal government does not insure or guarantee the lender payment through the FHA or VA, the loan is conventional). They can have either fixed interest rates or adjustable interest rates.
  • FHA Insured Loan: Loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration. Borrowers must meet specific criteria to qualify. FHA loans often require lower down payments of normally 3.5% and will go up to $612,950 in the amount borrowed.mortgage broker or direct lender
  • VA Loan: A VA loan is a mortgage loan offered to American Military and veterans guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), typically at preferred interest rates with little or no down payment required.

Specialty Loans

Reverse Annuity Mortgage or reverse mortgage is a special type of mortgage created for retirees on fixed incomes. They use the loan to generate income from the equity in their homes (and thus adding it to their principal balance). They continue to live in the home but ownership goes to the lender when the last borrower moves from the home.

Mortgage Rate Terms

  • Fixed-Rate Mortgage: A loan secured by real estate that has a fixed interest rate and payment amount for the term of the loan (usually 15 or 30 years) is a fixed rate mortgage.
  • Adjustable Rate Mortgage also called ARM or variable rate mortgage: ARMs have interest rates that can vary or adjust at pre-determined yearly intervals. The starting rate and payment is lower, allowing borrowers to qualify more easily. The adjustment basis is an index, often the LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate), or on the prime rate—the lowest rate of interest banks will offer their most credit-worthy customers.
  • Fully Amortizing Mortgage: A fully amortizing mortgage is a mortgage with scheduled uniform payments that will fully pay-off the loan over the term of the mortgage. At the beginning of the loan term, most of the loan payments go towards interest payments. As time goes on, more of the payment amount goes towards paying off the principle balance.
  • Balloon Mortgage: This was most popular before the housing collapse of 2006. Balloon mortgage have balloon loan mortgageshort terms (only a few years) with fixed principal and interest payments at a reduced rate that do not fully amortize (or pay off) the loan. At the end of the term, the entire balance of the mortgage is due in a single payment. Balloon mortgages offer lower payments during the term, because the big lump sum is due at then end. A balloon is useful for buyers that hope to sell within the term or expect to be able to pay the full amount or qualify for a better loan by that time.
  • Graduated Payment Mortgage (GPM): A graduated payment mortgage has payments that are lower in the early years but increase on a scheduled basis until they reach a level of amortization and the borrower can (hopefully) afford to make larger payments.

Short-Term Loans

  • Bridge Loan: When a buyer is also selling and the purchase of the new property depends on the equity in the old property, a bridge loan allows the purchase to complete before the sale is complete. Once the older property sells, the borrower must repay the bridge loan.
  • Construction Loan: Short-term loans to funds construction or improvements are construction loans. Typically, the construction loan is repaid with the mortgage.
  • Home Equity Loan: A home equity loan (or a home equity line of credit) is a loan made against the equity in a home. The borrower may utilize some or all of the loan and pays interest only on the portion used.
  • Nonrecourse Note: A nonrecourse note is a type of note in which the borrower has no personal liability for payment.
  • Open-end Mortgage: An open-end mortgage is a mortgage that may be refinanced without rewriting the actual mortgage contract.
  • Refinancing: Refinancing are the proceeds of a new loan used to pay off an existing mortgage on the same property. This is often done by a homeowner to lower their interest rate and monthly payments.

Any good lender will help walk you through the complicated mortgage world and fit you into a loan program the best fits your needs!

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Credit Reports – What You Need To Know

Credit reports and the “secret formula” for calculating one’s credit score remains a mystery for most people. When a lender “runs your credit,” that means the bank is getting your credit information from one of three independent national credit reporting bureaus–Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion.

what is my fico scoreCredit reporting bureaus collect information about your credit card use, rental history, loan history, including vehicle and student loans. They then analyze the results and tabulate them into credit scores, using software created by the Fair Isaac Corporation. Your lender can purchase the reports, as the FICO scores to serve as summaries of your credit history. Your FICO score is the middle of the 3 scores.

Each of these credit reporting bureaus collects and analyzes its own data which results in 3 different scores. The bureaus don’t share information between each other, so if you want a true picture of your credit, you have to check with all three bureaus.

If you have a mistake on your credit report from one bureau, the same problem may not appear on the other bureaus’ reports. You have to get the negative item removed by sending a copy of your proof, full payment, release of lien, or other evidence.

Getting one of these items removed can take as long as 30 days, which will delay your loan. That’s why it’s best to clear these things up before the lender brings them to your attention. If your lender sees something negative enough to decline the loan, they will tell you to fix it. Lets say you may have had a dispute with a contractor that resulted in a lien on your home. It doesn’t matter who was right, you’ll have to pay the debtor, obtain a release of lien or payment in full receipt, whichever applies.

This evidence should go into the loan file. Make sure to keep multiple copies of the lien release or payment in full. Why? Because that lien can always reappear on another credit report. Property liens from the IRS are particularly hard to eradicate because the proof of payment has to come from the IRS, along with the county where you owned the property, which must record the release of lien.

You may see a problem in your credit report that’s over 10 years old. An account in collections can stay on your credit report for much longer than 7 years; which is the length of time it takes for bad accounts to drop off your credit record. When the debtor finally gives up trying to collect, that’s when the 7 years begins.

FICO credit scores can be in the range of 300 to 850. To get the best mortgage rate, your score must be as high as possible. Today, most lenders will give you their best rates if your credit scores are 750 or higher.

Factors that make your FICO score and credit historyYou can raise your credit scores by managing your credit the way that generates the highest scores. About one-third of a FICO score is your payment history (paying on-time). Another third is based on how much of your available credit-line you use. You can improve both areas by paying down your debts down as quickly as you can. If you are only making the minimum payment on your accounts, you’re living beyond your means and thus lowering your credit score. Don’t max out any credit card.

You can also improve your scores if you pay debts off early and avoid late payments. Data in your credit report includes the loan terms, payment history — on time, early or late payments, unpaid monthly balance rollovers, payment amounts, minimum payment history, income-to-debt ratios, and percentage use of available credit. Always pay off those credit cards that charge the highest interest first. Try not to incur new debt.

Managing your debts well does more than earn you a great mortgage rate. It ensures lenders that you are more likely to buy wisely within your affordability range. And that will make any lender view you as a good risk.

You’re entitled to a free copy of your credit reports once/year. You can contact all 3 credit bureaus or visit AnnualCreditReport.com.

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Don’t Stress Out When Buying A Home

Buying a home can actually be fun, not stressful. As you look for your dream home, keep in mindno stress these tips for making the process as peaceful as possible.

1. Find a real estate agent who you connect with. Home buying is not only a huge financial commitment, but also an emotional one. It’s critical that the REALTOR® you chose is both highly skilled and a good fit with your personality.

2. Just remember, there’s no “right” time to buy, just as there’s no perfect time to sell. If you find a home now, don’t try to time interest rates or the housing market by waiting longer — you risk losing out on a home you love. The housing market usually doesn’t change fast enough to make that much difference in price, however, a good home won’t stay on the market long.

3. Don’t ask for too many opinions. It’s natural to want reassurance for such a big decision, but too many ideas from too many people will make it even harder to make a decision. Focus on the wants and needs of your immediate family — the people who will actually be living in the home.

4. Accept that no house is ever perfect. If it’s in the right location, but perhaps the yard may be a bit smaller than you had hoped. The kitchen may be perfect, but the roof needs some repairs. Make a list of your top priorities and focus in on things that are most important to you. Don’t sweat the minor ones.

don't stress out when buying a home5. Don’t try to be a killer negotiator. Negotiation is definitely a part of the real estate process, but trying to get that extra-low price or by refusing to budge on your offer may cost you the home you love. Negotiation is give and take.

6. Remember your home doesn’t exist in a vacuum. Don’t get so caught up in all the physical aspects of the house itself — room sizes, kitchen, etc. — that you forget about important issues such as noise level, location to amenities, and other aspects that also have a big impact on your quality of life.

7. Plan ahead. Don’t wait until you’ve found a home and made an offer to get approved for a mortgage, investigate home insurance, and consider a schedule for moving. Making an offer contingent on a lot of unresolved issues will make your bid much less attractive to sellers. Preparation goes a long way.

8. Factor in maintenance and repair costs in your post-home buying budget. Even if you buy a new home, there will be some costs. Don’t leave yourself short and not be able to afford upkeep.

9. Accept that a little buyer’s remorse is inevitable and will probably pass. Buying a home, especially for the first time, is a huge financial commitment. But it also yields big benefits. Don’t lose sight of why you wanted to buy a home and what made you fall in love with the property you bought.

10. Choose a home first because you love it; then think about appreciation. While U.S. homes have appreciated an average of 5.4% annually over from 1998 to 2002, a home’s most important role is to serve as a comfortable, safe place to live first, an investment second.

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com

Steps to Buying a Home

If you are buying a home for the first time, buying a second home or considering investment property, taking some simple steps to protect your investment and financial health. No matter what type of property you’re eyeing, here are some basic precautions as you navigate the process of purchasing any home.

Before Shopping for Property:

Look at your finances. Before contacting a real estate agent and starting to look for a new home, steps to buying a home in san diegofigure out what you can afford. Taking a simple inventory of your wallet can help your understand your financial ability and speed up the mortgage pre-approval process. A mortgage affordability calculator can help with this.

Know your credit card limits and review your usage to prevent loan approval issues. According to Equifax, the closer you get to using all your available credit, the less likely you are to have a good credit score or seem like a low-risk mortgage candidate to a potential lender.

Start with financing. Obtaining pre-approval for a loan will make the process of negotiation and loan approval process smoother from the start. Most sellers may even require you to be pre-approved before they accept an offer anyway, so doing this step ahead of time is a no-brainer.

Find a real estate agent. The seller is the one who pays the commission to both agents, so there’s no reason not to get the professional guidance of an agent. Look for a professional who is both familiar with the local area you’re considering and its property values. A good agent will also be well versed in the laws, timelines and deadlines in your state. This can be the difference between losing your dream home, deposit, and time.

Before Making an Offer:

Visit the city/county planning department. There one in every city and county. If the home you’re interested in is within city limits, you should visit the city planning department. Homes in rural unincorporated areas will normally fall under the control of county planning departments. The planning department can present any permits for the home you are interested in, and investigate that neighborhood. You can learn about what building applications are in the works (more homes, commercial buildings, industrial parks) and which schools your children would attend (it’s not always the school nearest your prospective home). There will also be information on traffic, crime reports (which can affect auto insurance prices), and more.

Review past utility bills. The monthly mortgage payment isn’t your only expense. Ask to review past utility bills before putting in a purchase offer to understand how heating and cooling the house will affect your finances.

During the Negotiation Process

Read the contract. When you’re ready to submit a purchase offer, your real estate agent should review the purchase contract with you. If the agent moves through it too quickly, ask to get an explanation of every paragraph (or at least the most important parts) of the contract. Have your Realtor explain in detail the circumstances in which your deposit can be withheld or kept, the contingency periods, and buyer expenses.

Ask for exact dates. Your contract might state you have 17 days to perform your inspections or 30 days to fulfill all contingencies. Ask your Realtor for the exact dates, not just the number of days, to make sure you don’t miss any important deadlines. This will also tell you when you’re supposed to receive various documents and reports.

get it in writing steps to purchasing a homeGet it in writing. If you negotiate any extras (the seller will leave various furniture or appliances, you can move into the house the day before closing, etc.) make sure that they’re documented in writing and that all parties sign off on these items.

Have a home inspection. Home inspections can spare you from a purchasing a unknown “fixer.” Have an inspection, even if the property appears to be in great condition or is relatively new. Without catching problems during the inspection period, any potential for negotiation with the seller will be lost.

The Bottom Line:

Don’t do it alone. Purchasing real estate is a large financial investment. Having the right professionals on your side, along with some common sense, can spare you costly mistakes.

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com

Buying A Home In One Market While Selling In Another

If you end up being transferred for work or making a major move for personal reasons, you could end up selling in one market and buying in another. The ideal scenario would be to sell in a sellers market like the San Francisco Bay area or Seattle, and buy in a buyers’ market, such as Providence, RI. The worst-case scenario, of course,  is to do the opposite.

Here are some tips for buyers and sellers in any market:

Know before you go

Today, real estate markets can vary by state, town, city and even block by block. But most people don’t realize this. So it’s important to start by researching the market of the cities and neighborhoods that interests you. Read local news and blogs. Watch the number of days a home is on the market before it sells. Note the sale price to list price ratio in the town where you’re looking to buy. This research can save you a lot of time and headaches. You don’t want to rely entirely on your real estate agent to tell you about that market. Get informed and make your own conclusions as well.

Selling in a buyers’ buying a home in a buyers marketmarket

Selling your home in a buyers’ market can be a tough road. This market could be slow due to a high level of inventory, low buyer demand, or simply slow economic times. If you need to sell in a buyers’ market, it will take extra effort. Make sure your home is priced competitively. You may not be able to wait for months to test the market. Homes will sell, no matter the market, when priced correctly.

Spend time removing junk and prepping your home for the market. You’ll have to pack up when you move, so it makes sense to start packing and organizing before listing your home. Not only will it save time later, but it will help open up the house, make more space available and help the home show better during open houses and regular showings. Consider any suggestions your agent makes for slight cosmetic fixes, staging, and minor repairs.

Buying in a buyers’ market

Who doesn’t love being a buyer in a buyers’ market? You have lots to choose from and motivated, if not desperate sellers. Take your time to see as many homes as possible. Focus on the most motivated sellers, as this is where you may find the best deals. With handful of homes meet your needs, ask questions such as: Why is the seller selling? What is their time frame for moving? How long have they lived in the home? You can ask these questions through your agent. The more questions you ask, the more information you will uncover.

Selling in a sellers’ market

Along the West Coast, sellers are overwhelmed with buyers at open houses and private showings. Demand is high, and properties sell quickly. But you still have to work a bit at selling.If you fail to clean the home and make it look it’s best, you could very well leave money on the table for the buyer who is desperate for a great deal.

If you are lucky enough to receive multiple offers, focus on the best buyer and the besselling a homet terms, and not so much on the bottom line. You want the most qualified buyer who is going to close on time. The last thing you want is to have to go back on the market again. When this happens, everyone will wonder what’s wrong with your home.

If you aren’t sure who is the best buyer, ask your agent. The best buyer is the one who has seen the home multiple times, is pre-approved with a lender, has been in the market and has even lost out on recent home purchase to another buyer. This buyer is working with a local agent and committed to buying. Your agent should know who they are.

Buying in a sellers’ market

Buyers in a sellers’ market will likely find themselves frustrated over the lack of homes for sale. The one’s that are for sale sell very fast. The competition is intense, and they need to invest a good chunk of their time on buying a home.

For serious buyers, finding a home becomes a part-time job. Work closely with a good local agent and mortgage pro. When a home hits the market, don’t wait. Don’t wait for the open house, because more aggressive buyers might get in and get it before you do.

When competing with other buyers, try to do as much due diligence as possible before making an offer. An offer with few or no contingencies is what sellers love. They want to be sure the deal will close for the most money, and as quickly as possible. Give sellers what they want and you will likely win the war!

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Home buyers-Asking For Repairs?

It is highly recommended that home buyers have a complete home inspection done before purchasing a home. But when it is all done, some buyers ask to have every little thing fixed, while others ask for almost nothing. Which home repairs should buyers ask for?

Some repairs do seem ridiculous, but having a furnace repaired so that it works again, or having a leaky pipe fixed is not so far fetched.

Making an offer on an older home and then asking to have all the windows replaced seems a bit home buyers asking for repairsover the top, and sellers will view it that way as well. Buyers have to understand a seller’s point of view when it comes to repairs. And the old adage, “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” actually applies pretty well in this cases.

Sometimes buyers looking for craftsman style homes built in 1910 to 1940 expect them to have modern electrical systems where all of the electrical outlets are grounded.  Sellers often have owned a home and lived in it for a couple of decades with two pronged outlets, therefore they don’t see why they need to be changed over to grounded outlets for the buyers as a priority.

There are some things that a home has to have like working plumbing or a working furnace. I personally think that if something in a home leaks, the sellers should fix it. This is especially true with indoor plumbing or gas lines. It can both cause additional damage and can be downright dangerous.

Buyers should keep in mind that sellers might not have the money needed to make repairs.  Sellers should understand that often home buyers are short on cash and can not afford to have repairs made and buy a home all at the same time. Yet buyers need to know that there will be repairs in the future and they should budget for them.

Sellers should be prepared to fix anything that comes up as a hazard (safely issue) in the home inspection report like unsafe wiring or pressure release valves that don’t work.

Sellers can say no to any repair that the buyers ask for. And buyers can cancel the purchase agreement during the inspection period and find another home, if the inspection reveals too many issues.

The point of the inspection is for the buyers to know what they are buying. It also protects the sellers somewhat, because the inspector is finding the problems that could upset the buyers if they found out after they closed on the home.

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com
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