Posts Tagged ‘Mortgage broker’

Understanding Home Loan Types

When it comes home loans, there are many types to choose from. Figuring out which loan is best for your new property purchase can be confusing. So here are some of the most popular home loan types.

Mortgages:

Conforming Loan: When a loan conforms to the guidelines of FNMA/FHLMC (Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac) in both terms that may be purchased by FNMA or FHLMC it is conforming (currently up to $612,950 in San Diego county). Loans that do not match these guidelines are obviously non-conforming loans. If the loan does not conform due to its amount, it is a Jumbo Loan. Conforming loans may have either fixed interest rates or adjustable interest rates.

  • Conventional Mortgage Loan: When the loan amount is within the FNMA/FHLMC guidelines, and the federal government does not insure or guarantee the lender payment through the FHA or VA, the loan is conventional). They can have either fixed interest rates or adjustable interest rates.
  • FHA Insured Loan: Loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration. Borrowers must meet specific criteria to qualify. FHA loans often require lower down payments of normally 3.5% and will go up to $612,950 in the amount borrowed.mortgage broker or direct lender
  • VA Loan: A VA loan is a mortgage loan offered to American Military and veterans guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), typically at preferred interest rates with little or no down payment required.

Specialty Loans

Reverse Annuity Mortgage or reverse mortgage is a special type of mortgage created for retirees on fixed incomes. They use the loan to generate income from the equity in their homes (and thus adding it to their principal balance). They continue to live in the home but ownership goes to the lender when the last borrower moves from the home.

Mortgage Rate Terms

  • Fixed-Rate Mortgage: A loan secured by real estate that has a fixed interest rate and payment amount for the term of the loan (usually 15 or 30 years) is a fixed rate mortgage.
  • Adjustable Rate Mortgage also called ARM or variable rate mortgage: ARMs have interest rates that can vary or adjust at pre-determined yearly intervals. The starting rate and payment is lower, allowing borrowers to qualify more easily. The adjustment basis is an index, often the LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate), or on the prime rate—the lowest rate of interest banks will offer their most credit-worthy customers.
  • Fully Amortizing Mortgage: A fully amortizing mortgage is a mortgage with scheduled uniform payments that will fully pay-off the loan over the term of the mortgage. At the beginning of the loan term, most of the loan payments go towards interest payments. As time goes on, more of the payment amount goes towards paying off the principle balance.
  • Balloon Mortgage: This was most popular before the housing collapse of 2006. Balloon mortgage have balloon loan mortgageshort terms (only a few years) with fixed principal and interest payments at a reduced rate that do not fully amortize (or pay off) the loan. At the end of the term, the entire balance of the mortgage is due in a single payment. Balloon mortgages offer lower payments during the term, because the big lump sum is due at then end. A balloon is useful for buyers that hope to sell within the term or expect to be able to pay the full amount or qualify for a better loan by that time.
  • Graduated Payment Mortgage (GPM): A graduated payment mortgage has payments that are lower in the early years but increase on a scheduled basis until they reach a level of amortization and the borrower can (hopefully) afford to make larger payments.

Short-Term Loans

  • Bridge Loan: When a buyer is also selling and the purchase of the new property depends on the equity in the old property, a bridge loan allows the purchase to complete before the sale is complete. Once the older property sells, the borrower must repay the bridge loan.
  • Construction Loan: Short-term loans to funds construction or improvements are construction loans. Typically, the construction loan is repaid with the mortgage.
  • Home Equity Loan: A home equity loan (or a home equity line of credit) is a loan made against the equity in a home. The borrower may utilize some or all of the loan and pays interest only on the portion used.
  • Nonrecourse Note: A nonrecourse note is a type of note in which the borrower has no personal liability for payment.
  • Open-end Mortgage: An open-end mortgage is a mortgage that may be refinanced without rewriting the actual mortgage contract.
  • Refinancing: Refinancing are the proceeds of a new loan used to pay off an existing mortgage on the same property. This is often done by a homeowner to lower their interest rate and monthly payments.

Any good lender will help walk you through the complicated mortgage world and fit you into a loan program the best fits your needs!

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Direct Lender or Mortgage Broker–What’s the Difference??

Suppose you were in the market to buy a new car. Would you go to a single dealership and expect to find the perfect car at the perfect price simply because you’re buying directly from the dealer? Of course not. It is very similar with mortgages and mortgage lenders.

There are countless mortgage programs based on countless ‘guidelines’ for determining acceptance. The variety of programs and rates varies greatly from lender to lender. Because of this, the odds are very much stacked against you finding the ‘perfect’ mortgage from a single direct lender. Direct Lenders have one group of programs. That’s it.
direct lender mortgage brokerBut why are direct lenders in favor right now over mortgage brokers and mortgage bankers?  One word-SPEED. Since direct lenders are using their own money and their own guidelines (most mortgage brokers will need to go through two sets of guidelines-the bank’s and the investor’s), they can close loans very quickly. They normally have their underwriters in-house. Closing loans quickly (or at least on time) is huge, especially on short sales. When a lender(s) approves a short sale, it has an expiration date. If the transaction doesn’t close by that date, an extension has to be requested (which isn’t always easy to get). That can lead to problems with appraisals, credit reports, and financial statements being outdated.

The advantage of a mortgage broker is that they can choose from the thousands of lenders to select the program that offers the lowest rate for your specific loan. Brokers will counsel borrowers on the loan options available from these different lenders and find the best “fit.” Some people fear higher costs by using a broker as opposed to a Direct Lender. This is sometimes the case. What must be kept in mind, though, is that Direct Lenders make their money off of the interest you pay on the loan– over time,  the amount of interest will far surpass your closing costs. In other words, closing costs must be viewed in relation to your interest rate. In fact, interest rates are more important than closing costs (especially since there are laws in place that prevent excessive loan charges). So sure, sometimes a direct lender offers lower closing costs. The interest rate, however, is rarely lower and that is what will affect you the most over the coming years.

My best piece of advice? Shop around for a loan before settling on one lender.

 

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
RyanYourRealtor@gmail.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Things To Know Before Buying A House

Purchasing a home can be confusing, overwhelming and make buyers feel completely broke by the time they get the keys. However, being freed from a landlord and throwing away rent payments can also be extremely liberating. From finding the best Realtor to making it through a bidding war, here are 10 things homeowners wish they knew about taking the big step into being a homeowner.

1. Get pre-approved first.

It might be tempting to start hitting open houses every Sunday, but before beginning your search, get pre-approval letter for a mortgage. The last thing you want it to fall in love with a place before being prepared and able to put offer in on it. Without this pre-approval letter, no seller will take you seriously as a pre-qualified buyer.things to know before buying a house

Research recommendations on trustworthy mortgage brokers, then set up a time to talk with each one. If they won’t provide firm information about their rates and fees, or if they start giving advice before fully understanding your financial situation, keep searching. Any good loan officer will save time and money by researching loan terms and rates that work in your best interest

2. Work with an experienced agent.

Before buying a house, going through online listings is a great start. However, don’t underestimate the value of working with an experienced real estate agent. They will help navigate the confusing process of buying a home, and once you find a place you love, they can research comparable listings, advise on what your opening offer should be and negotiate for you. And since home sellers pay all broker commissions, having an agent represent you as a buyer is FREE!

To find the best one, make a short list of possible agents based on word-of-mouth recommendations and/or internet research. Then meet with them to get a feel for their personality and their knowledge on the neighborhoods.

If you are new to the home buying process, stick with a buyer’s agent. They will negotiate, point out any problems with the house that they see, and handle potential issues whenever possible.

3. Don’t be turned off by an ugly bathroom.

A funky paint color or outdated design can cause a buyer to overlook a home that’s otherwise has tons of potential. Remember, cosmetic changes are easy to make once move in, and pointing out any dated features can actually help the negotiation process.

Instead of focusing on the pink-tiled bathroom or that ugly light fixture, pay more attention to the layout of the property, the view, the amount of sunlight rooms get, ceiling height, outdoor space and of course, the location.

4. Find out about the neighbors.

Once you find a home you love, walk the neighborhood to make sure it will be a livable situation. It also helps to visit the neighborhood at different times of the day and week to get a better feel of what life there is really like. Talk to neighbors and get their take on the area as well.

5. Be prepared to move fast.

The best properties receive multiple offers after the first open house, so it’s possible to miss the chance to submit an offer. Your agent will include your pre-approval letter in the offer so the seller knows it is serious. If there is a lot of interest in the home, write a letter to the seller explaining why you’d be the best next owner. You can even included a picture of your and your family. This is also referred to as a “seller love letter” and can work wonders to getting your offer accepted.

6. Be careful about overbidding.

If you plan on financing your home and get caught in a bidding war, beware that overbidding can come back to bite you. Your bank will require an appraisal of the home. If the appraisal comes in under the amount of the loan you need, you might have to make up the difference in out-of-pocket cash in order to complete the deal. Before you make an offer, research comparable listings or ask your real estate agent for advice. If you can, consider increasing your down payment instead of going up higher in price. Cash is king, so putting more money down can give your offer an edge over other buyers.

what to expect when buying a home7. Expect a ton of paperwork.

When applying for a loan, be ready to provide a ton of paperwork, including tax returns, pay stubs and proof of your current assets. You may also be asked to provide updated information on some of the same documents right before closing. This is not the best time to switch jobs or buy a new car, since your income and credit will be closely scrutinized.

8. Hire a home inspector.

Protect yourself and hire a professional inspector to look over the home before you compete the purchase. For $300-400, their inspection will help expose potential problems that could cause you problems and a ton of money down the road. A good inspector will attend to seemingly insignificant details. It also provides a negotiation point to ask the seller for any repairs to be made at their expense.

9. Expect to feel like you are hemorrhaging money.

It’s surprising how quickly costs add up. Fees of $200 here, and $150 there can be unexpected. Besides the down payment, there is the deposit, appraisal fee, home inspection, moving, and more expenses besides the actual buying price. Additionally, most lenders ask that a buyer has enough to cover at least two mortgage payments after closing, which means there needs to be cash in the bank. Go over all of the closing costs with your lender and agent to avoid surprises.

10. It will feel like it will never happen.

Buying a home is not easy. Finding a great place to live takes time, and once you find it, you can easily get outbid. Just remember that new listings are always coming onto the market and, eventually, there will be something you love.

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Should You Refinance Your Home?

should you refinance your homeWith current interest rates still historically low (4.29% as of the writing of this article), you may want to refinance your home to a lower rate. Here are five questions you should answer before you take the leap:

1. How long do you plan to stay in the home?

It makes a big difference in recouping the cost of refinancing a home loan. If you don’t plan to own the home for at least 3-5 years or more after refinancing, it might not make sense to incur the costs of refinancing.

2. What are the closing or settlement costs for refinancing?

You should expect to pay about the same amount as when you purchased. Expenses will include a new title policy or abstract, a new appraisal, and lender’s fees.

Lenders normally charge an origination fee or a “discount fee”. If it’s a “no-cost” refinance, there’s really no such thing – the fee will actually be rolled into a higher interest rate. Count on your closing costs to be similar to what you paid when you originated your first loan. In other words, it’s a new loan, with all-new fees.

3. What percentage rate are you currently paying?

Mortgage lenders used to only advise refinancing only if you could save two percentage points on the loan. That’s so you can get your closing costs back if you need to sell a year or more later, assuming your home doesn’t go down in value.

But you can refinance by getting as little as 1/2 percent lower than your current mortgage interest rate and still be able to sell within a reasonable time – 3 years or so. What you need to do is figure how long it will take you to pay back your closing costs before selling your home.

You have a $200,000 mortgage, 30 yr. fixed rate, 6% interest, with a monthly payment of $1199 in principal and interest or PITI. Assuming $2,000 in closing costs, you refinance for another 30 years.

At 2 points lower, or 4% interest, your new PITI (principal and interest) is $ 954.83 With a monthly savings of $244.17, it would take you just over 8 months to pay back the cost of the refinance.

At 1/2 % of a point lower, or 5.5% interest, your PITI is $ 1135.58. With a monthly savings of about $64, it would take you a little over 31 months to break even, a good strategy if you plan to stay in your home at least 3 years.

4. What type of loan do you currently have? Do you have a hybrid adjustable rate mortgage that needs refinancing?

Many hybrid loans change from fixed rates to adjustable become adjustable after a year, three years, or five years. If you qualified for the adjustable rate loan originally, but have since increased your income or paid down your mortgage and built some equity, now may well be the time to refinance.

Interest rates have hovered near 5% or lower for well over six years, making it likely that adjustable rates have nowhere to go but up, so it may be a good time to get into a fixed rate.

5. Have your plans or circumstances changed from when you first purchased?

If you are doing well and want to accelerate your pay-off by refinancing to a 15-year term. Additional payments to principal can be voluntarily added to your 30-year fixed rate loan payment, so refinancing is only wise if you can get a much lower interest rate than your current term.

But say your intentions of paying off a 15-year note have changed, due to decreased income, family obligations or some other reason. In that case, a refinance to a 30-year term will ease your payments, but the majority of your note will be to pay interest, with little going toward your principal for several years.

Get professional advice from your mortgage banker or broker, and your financial advisor or tax preparer to help you decide if refinancing is the right answer for you now.

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com

Central San Diego Housing Update-December 2013

With the year drawing to a close, the San Diego housing market finished with a slight “jolt.” We saw increases in both prices and sales compared to the month of November. However, homes are starting to sit on the market a bit longer, since the bidding wars from desperate home buyers has settled down. The skyrocketing home prices seen for over a year have finally stabilized a bit into a more “normal” pattern.

With this more “normal” pattern, interest rates have held pretty steady over the past few months. They have been hovering close to the 4.5% level for some time now. Inventory levels (the number of homes on the market “actively” for sale) is continuing to stay around the 6000 level for San Diego county. Finally, prices are starting to take on a more seasonal pattern, with much more modest changes than the previous year.

To get the latest figures, I ran an analysis of home figures from the MLS for the central San Diego region. This includes communities such as Mission Valley, Serra Mesa, University Heights, Normal Heights, Hillcrest, Mission Hills,  Bay Park, and Clairemont. The numbers include both condo/townhomes as well as single-family homes.

 Housing Figures-Central San Diego

Date # of Sales Median Sale Price Med Price/Square Ft. Ave Days on Market    
December 2013 194 $433K $340 25
November 2013 169 $407K $334 22
December 2012 229 $390K $303 30

How's the market 2There are currently 5700 active listings in San Diego county, down from 6500 last month. That number should rise in the coming months as the spring buying season approaches and more people put their homes up for sale.

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com

Central San Diego Housing Market Update-November 2013

With the holidays upon us, the housing market has cooled down. Homes are starting to sit on the market longer. The skyrocketing home prices seen for over a year, through the summer, are no more. While the number of homes sold is dropping, the average sale price of San Diego homes has stabilized.

There are a number of factors at work right now slowing the housing market down a bit. These include rising interest rates (from 3.5% earlier this year to a current rate of 4.43%), housing inventory levels catching up with demand, and prices simply peaking (they can only go so far before many potential buyers get priced out of the market). It’s also simply a slower time of year for real estate sales.

To get the latest figures, I ran an analysis of home figures from the MLS for the central San Diego region. This includes communities such as Mission Valley, Serra Mesa, University Heights, Normal Heights, Hillcrest, Mission Hills,  Bay Park, and Clairemont. The numbers include both condo/townhomes as well as single-family homes.

*Please note, I am now using MEDIAN figures instead of AVERAGE. I believe it will show a better representation of true housing trends.

 Housing Figures-Central San Diego

Date # of Sales Median Sale Price Med Price/Square Ft. Ave Days on Market    
November 2013 169 $407K $334 22
October 2013 212 $399K $344 17
November 2013 206 $372K $297 28

There are currently 6500 active listings in San Diego county, down from 6600 last month.

san diego housing market update

For more information on this topic:

619.384.2248
Ryan@RyanYourRealtor.com
Visit my Website: http://ryanyourrealtor.com
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